regrette etcetera


::: Books :::


Ayers, Michael D. 2006. “Cybersounds: Essays On Virtual Music Culture”. New York: Peter Lang. 

Bernardo Attias, Anna Gavanas, Hillegonda Rietveld 2013 “DJ Culture in the Mix: Power, Technology, and Social Change in Electronic Dance Music” 

Fuchs, Christian “Digital Labour and Karl Marx” (2013)

Scholz, Trebor  “Digital Labor: The Internet as Playground and Factory” (2012) (see also:



::: Articles & Chapters :::


Breek, Phillip, “How Amateur Production Practices & Digital Networks Reconfigure the Music Industry” Thesis, University of Amsterdam, 2012 (pdf) 

Nixon, Brice “Toward a Political Economy of ‘Audience Labour’ in the Digital Era” tripleC Vol 12, No 2 (2014) 

Brown, Brian “Will Work For Free: The Biopolitics of Unwaged Digital Labour” tripleC Vol 12, No 2 (2014) 

Brown Jr, James J “From Friday to Sunday: the hacker ethic and shifting notions of labour, leisure and intellectual property” Leisure Studies, Vol. 27, Issue 4, 2008 

Burkhardt, Paul Edward “The production and consumption of the commodity community: Playing, working and making it in the local music scene” The University of Arizona, 1999 

Cascone, Kim. 2002. “Laptop Music—Counterfeiting Aura in the Age of Infinite Reproduction.” Parachute 10 60. 

Coates, Joanne 2012. Exploring digitised, networked milieu: the Cardiff independent music sector in the age of immaterial product. PhD Thesis, Cardiff University (pdf) 

Coté, and Jennifer Pybus, “Learning to Immaterial Labour 2.0: Facebook and Social Networks” in Peters, Michael A. and Ergin Bulut (Eds.) Cognitive Capitalism, Education and Digital Labor, New York: Peter Lang, 2011 (epub) 

Cuenca, Alberto López “Artistic Labour, Enclosure, and the New Economoy” Afterall: A Journal of Art, Context and Enquiry, Issue 30, 2012 

Foster, Jonathon “Valorising the Cultural Content of the Commodity: On Immaterial Labour and New Forms of Informational Work” in Angela Lin, Jonathon Foster, and Paul Scifleet (eds.) Consumer Information Systems and Relationship Management: Design, Implementation, and Use, IGI Global: Pennsylvannia, 2013 

Fraser, Alistair “The Spaces, Politics, and Cultural Economies of Electronic Dance Music” Geography Compass Volume 6, Issue 8, pages 500–511,  

Fuchs, Christian 2013. ‘Class and exploitation on the Internet.’ In Ayers “Digital labor. The Internet as playground and factory”

Fuchs,Christian &  Sevignani,Sebastian “What Is Digital Labour? What Is Digital Work? What’s their Difference? And Why Do These Questions Matter for Understanding Social Media?” tripleC Journal 

Fuchs, Christian & Sandoval, Marisol “Digital Workers of the World Unite! A Framework for Critically Theorising and Analysing Digital Labour” tripleC Vol 12, No 2 (2014) 

Gill, Rosalind “In the Social Factory? Immaterial Labour, Precariousness and Social Work” Theory, Culture and Society, Vol. 25, Issue 7-8, 2008 

Graeber, David “The Sadness of Post-Workerism”, Conference paper, Tate Britain, Saturday 19 January, 2008 (epub) 

Grant, J. L., & Buckwold, B. “Precarious Creativity: Immigrant Cultural Workers” Cambridge Journal of Regions, Economics and Society Vol. 6, Issue 1, 2013: 1-17. 

Herman, Bill D. “Scratching Out Authorship: Representations of the Electronic Music DJ at the Turn of the 21st Century” Popular Communication: The International Journal of Media and Culture, Vol. 4, Issue 1, 2006 

Hesmondhalgh, David “User-generated content, free labour and the cultural industries” ephemera, Vol. 10, Issue 3-4, 2010 (pdf)

Hracs, Brian J & Leslie, Deborah “Aesthetic labour in creative industries: the case of independent musicians in Toronto, Canada” Area, Vol. 46, Issue 1, 2014 (epub/pdf)

Hracs, Brian J & Leslie, Deborah “Living Under the Lights: The intensification and extensification of aesthetic labour for independent musicians in Toronto” Martin Prosperity Institute, 2013 (pdf)

Lafrance, Danielle “Precarious Labour: Authorshop, Authenticity, and Digital Reproduction” Progressive Library of Vancouver, 2011 (epub)

Lawrence, Tim “The Forging of a White Gay Aesthetic at the Saint, 1980–84” 

Lazzarato, Maurizio “Immaterial Labor” 1996 (text)

Lefebvre, Henri “Rhythmanalysis:  Space, Time and Everyday Life. London: Continuum, 2004 (see also: “Rhythm Of Capitalism: Reading Henri Lefebvre’s Rhythmanalysis”

Loza, Susana “The Postmodern Practices, Postfordist Flexibilities, and Postcolonial Realities of Techno and House” 

Loza, Susana “Global Rhetoric, Transnational Markets: The (Post)Modern Trajectories of Electronic Dance Music” Thesis UC 2004   

McRobbie, Angela “CLUBS TO COMPANIES: NOTES ON THE DECLINE OF POLITICAL CULTURE IN SPEEDED UP CREATIVE WORLDS” Cultural Studies Volume 16, Issue 4, 2002 pages 516-531

McRobbie, Angela “Reflections on Feminism, Immaterial Labour, and the Post-Fordist Regime” New Formations, Vol 70, 2011 

Murdock, Graham (2003) “Back to Work: Cultural Labor in Altered Times” In Andrew Beck (Ed.) Cultural work: Understanding the cultural industries. London York: Routledge, pp. 15-36.

Nardi, Carlo “Performing Electronic Dance Music: Mimesis, Reflexivity And The Commodification Of Listening / ‘Performando’ A Música Eletrônica Dançante: Mímese; Reflexividade E A Comodificação Da Escuta” Contemporanea / Comunicação e Cultura Vol. 10, No. 01, Janeiro-Abril 2012, pp 80-98 

Petiau, Anne  “Free Parties and Teknivals: Gift-Exchange and Participation on the Margins of the Market and the State” Dancecult Vol 7, No 1 (2015) 

Reitsamer, Rosa “The DIY Careers of Techno and Drum ‘n’ Bass DJs in Vienna” Dancecult Journal of Electronic Dance Music Vol 3, No 1. 2011 

Ross, Andrew “Technology and Below-the-Line Labor in the Copyfight over Intellectual Property” American Quarterly, Vol 58, Issue 3, 2006

Sandoval et al.“Introduction: Philosophers of the World Unite! Theorising Digital Labour and Virtual Work—Definitions, Dimensions, and Forms” tripleC Vol 12, No 2 (2014) 

Scott, Michael “Cultural Entrepreneurs, Cultural Entrepreneurship: Music Producers Mobilising and Converting Bourdieu’s Alternative Capitals” Poetics Vol. 40, Issue 3, June 2012, pp. 237–255 

SMITH, RICHARD J. & MAUGHAN , TIM “Youth Culture and the Making of the Post-Fordist Economy: Dance Music in Contemporary Britain” Journal of Youth Studies Volume 1, Issue 2, 1998 pages 211-228

Stokes, Martin. “Marx, Money, and Musicians”. In Regula Qureshi (Ed) Music and Marx: Ideas, Practice and Politics. Psychology Press, 2002, 139-166. New York: Routledge. 

Straw, Will “Exhausted Commodities: The Material Culture of Music” Canadian Journal of Communication Vol. 25, No 1, 2000 

Terranova, Tiziana “Free Labor: Producing Culture for the Digital Economy” Social Text 63 (Volume 18, Number 2), Summer 2000  pp. 33-58 |

Thaemlitz, Terre (DJ Sprinkles) “iPod is Raping the Rapists Who Raped My Village
An economic overview of contemporary audio production” (Originally published in “Zehar: Revista de Arteleku-ko Aldizkaria,” (Spain: Arteleku, No. 55, 2005).

Thaemlitz, Terre (DJ Sprinkles) “Operating in Musical Economies of Compromise
(Or… When do I get paid for writing this?)”Organised Sound (UK: Cambridge University Press), December 2001, Volume 6, Number 3, pp. 177-184.

Thaemlitz, Terre (DJ Sprinkles) “The Revolution Will Not Be Streamed On The Internet” Post-Techno(logy) Music. Tokyo: Ohmura Shoten, 2001, pp. 181-186. 

Thaemlitz,Terre “Art Is Unavoidably Work”: Terre Thaemlitz Interviewed by Ryan Alexander Diduck Quietus June 20th, 2012 

Tolentino, Rolando B. “Macho Dancing, the Feminization of Labor, and Neoliberalism in the Philippines”. TDR Vol. 53, No. 2 , Summer 2009, 77-89 

Toynbee, Jason (2003) “Fingers To The Bone or Spaced Out On Creativity? Labor Process and Ideology in the Production of Pop” In Andrew Beck (Ed.) Cultural work: Understanding the cultural industries. London York: Routledge, pp. 39-55.

Turner, Tad. 2003. “The Resonance of the Cubicle: Laptop Performance in Post-digital Musics.” Contemporary Review 22(4), 81-92.

Watson, Allan “‘Running a studio’s a silly business’: work and employment in the contemporary recording studio sector” Area, Vol. 45, Issue 3, 2013 

Whelan, Andrew. 2006. “Do U Produce?: Subcultural Capital and Amateur Musicianship in Peer-to-Peer Networks” In Cybersounds: Essays on Virtual Music Culture, edited by Ayers, Michael. New York: Peter Lang, 57-81 



(Image: Abigail Rebekah Barr @


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