Rave/Hardcore (+ sub-genres)

::: RAVE :::

::: General club/rave theory :::

::: BOOKS :::

Anderson, Tammy L. “Rave Culture: The Alteration and Decline of a Philadelphia Music Scene” 2009 (Intro)

Contents inc: Corporate Raves, Weeklies, Underground Parties, and More: Defining the Rave–Club Culture Continuum…  Loyalists, Spillovers, and Other Party People: Personal and Collective Identities in the Post-rave Era… From 1990s Massives to Raves’ Death?: Forces of Cultural Change… “Players and Their Tracks”: Types of Cultural Work in the EDM Scene… EDM as a Vibrant Global Scene… Twenty-First-Century Scenes, Sounds, and Selves

Collin, Matthew “Altered State: The Story of Ecstasy Culture and Acid House” 1997 (see also: “Altered State (Updated Edition): The Story of Ecstasy Culture and Acid House”) (no copy)

Davis, Eric “Techgnosis: Myth, Magic and Mysticism in the Age of Information”, New York: Three Rivers Press, 1998.

Fritz, Jimi “Rave Culture: An Insider’s Overview” 1999 (no copy)

Leloup, Jean-Yves “Digital magma: from the utopia of rave parties to the iPod generation” 2010

Maffesoli “The Time of the Tribes: The Decline of Individualism in Mass Society”, London: SAGE, 1996.

Niman, Michael “People of the Rainbow: A Nomadic Utopia”  Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1997.

Reynolds, Simon “Energy Flash: A Journey Through Rave Music and Dance Culture” 2012 (epub copy)

Silcott, Mireille “Rave America: New School Dancescapes” 1999 (no copy)

St John, Graham “Rave Culture and Religion” 2004 (contents, introduction) (no copy)

St John, Graham Technomad: Global raving Countercultures 1st ed. London: Equinox Publishing, 2009. (no copy)

St John, Graham (ed.) “Free NRG: Notes From the Edge of the Dancefloor” (inc. Australian rave/activist/protest texts, flyers, histories)

Sylvan, Robin “Trance Formation: The Spiritual and Religious Dimensions of Global Rave Culture” 2005 (no copy)


::: Rave Politics Articles :::

Alwakeel, Ramzy “The Aesthetics of Protest in UK Rave” Dancecult 1:2 2010

Bizzel, Victoria “’Ancient + Future = Now’: Goa Gil and Transnational Neo-Tribalism in Global Rave Culture” Comparative American Studies Vol. 6 Iss. 3, 2008, pp. 281

Byrne, Ben “The Space in Between: Electronic Music’s Occupation of Warehouse Space in Sydney”

Buckfield, Lin “Peter Strong (interview with techno-activist and founder of Oms Not Bombs)” ABC 2001

Chew, Matthew M. “Decline of the Rave Inspired Clubculture in China: State Suppression, Clubber Adaptations and Socio-cultural Transformations” Dancecult 1:1 2009

Duab, J. “The Essence of Raves: A Transfusion of ’60s Counterculture” The Owl 2014 

Gauthier, Francois. 2005. “Orpheus and the Underground: Raves and Implicit Religion, a Critical Analysis”. Journal for the Implicit Study of Religion 8(3): 217–65.

Gibson, Chris “Subversive sites: rave culture, spatial politics and the internet in Sydney, Australia” Area Vol. 31, Iss. 1, pages 19–33, 1999

Gilbert, Jeremy. 1997. “Soundtrack to an Uncivil Society: Rave Culture, The Criminal Justice Act and the Political Modernity.” New Formations 31, 5-24.

Goulding, Christina et al. “Working Weeks, Rave Weekends: Identity Fragmentation and the Emergence of New Communities” Consumption Markets & Culture Vol. 5, Iss. 4, 2002 pages 261-284

Gündüz, Burcu “RAVE AS CARNIVAL” (thesis, BİLKENT UNIVERSITY, 2003) 

Halfacree, Keith and Rob Kitchin. 1996. “Madchester Rave on‘: Placing the Fragments of Popular Music.” Area A 28(1), 47-55. 

Hill, Desmond. 1999. “Mobile Anarchy: The House Movement, Shamanism and Community.” In Psychedelia Reimagined, edited by Thomas Lyttle. New York: Autonomedia, 95-106.

Hitzler, Ronald & Pfadenhauer, Michaela. 2002. “Existential Strategies: The Making of Community and Politics the Techno/Rave Scene.” In Postmodern Existential Sociology, edited by Joseph Kotarba and John Johnson.  Alta Mira, 87-101.

Hollywood, Brian  “Dancing in the dark: Ecstasy, the dance culture, and moral panic in post ceasefire Northern Ireland” Critical Criminology 1997, Vol. 8, Iss. 1, pp 62-77

Hutson, Scott R. “Technoshamanism: Spiritual healing in the rave subculture” Popular Music and Society Vol. 23, Iss. 3, 1999 pages 53-77

Hutson, Scott R. “The Rave: Spiritual Healing in Modern Western Subcultures” Anthropological Quarterly, Vol. 73, Issue 1, 2001 

Huq, Rupa. 1999. “The Right to Rave: Opposition to the Criminal Justice and Public Order Act 1994.” In StormMillennium: The New Politics of Change, edited by Tim Jordan. London: Lawrence and Wishart, 15-33.

Huq, Rupa. 2002. “Raving, not drowning: Authenticity, pleasure and politics in the electronic dance music scene” Popular Music Studies, edited by David Hesmondhalgh and Keith Negus. London: Arnold. 

Jones, Simon. 1995. “Rocking the House: Sound System Cultures and the Politics of Space.” Journal of Popular Studies 7, 1-24. 

Jordan, Tim. 1996. “Collective Bodies: Raving and the Politics of Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari.” Body Society 1(1`), 125-144.

Linton, Magnus. “The Rave Commission: The Only Culture Police in the Western World.” International Journal of Drug Policy 9, no. 5 (1998): 305-310.

Lovink, Geert “Psycultures: The Globalization of Goatrance” (Interview with Graham St John), 2013 

Luckman, Susan. 2003. “Going Bush and Finding one‘s ―Tribe: Raving, Escape and the Bush Doof.” Contin Journal of Media and Cultural Studies 17(3), 315-330.

Luckman, Susan. “What Are They Raving On About?: Temporary Autonomous Zones and ‘Reclaim the Streets’.” Perfect Beat 5, no. 2 (2001): 49-68.

Marsh, Charity. 2005. “Raving Cyborgs, Queering Practices, and Discourses of Freedom: The Search for Mean Toronto’s Rave Culture”. Ph.D. Dissertation (Popular Music Studies/ Ethnomusicology), York University, Toronto, Canada.

Marsh, Charity. 2006. “Understand Us Before You End Us‘: Regulation, Governmentality, and the Confessional Practices of Raving Bodies.” Popular Music 25/3, 415-430. 

Martin, Daniel. 1999. “Power Play and Party Politics: The Significance of Raving.” Journal of Popular Culture 77-99. 

Melechi, Antonio. 1993. “The Ecstasy of Disappearance.” In Rave Off: Politics and Deviance in Contemporary Culture, edited by Redhead, Steve. Avebury: Aldershot, 29-40.

Moore, David. 1995. “Raves and the Bohemian search for self and community: a contribution to the anthropology of public events.” Anthropological Forum 7(2), 193-214. 

Murray, Enda. 2001. “Sound Systems and Australian DiY Culture: Folk Music for the Dot Com Generation” FreeNRG: Notes From the Edge of the Dance Floor, edited by Graham St John. Melbourne: Common Ground 

Nehring, Neil. 2007. “‘Everyone’s Given Up and Just Wants to Go Dancing’: From Punk to Rave in the Thatcher Era” Popular Music and Society 30(1), 1-18.

Ott, Bill & Brian Herman. 2003. “Mixed Messages: Resistance and Reappropriation in Rave Culture.” Western Journal of Communication 67(3), 249-270.

Ott, Brian L. & Herman, Bill D. “Mixed messages: Resistance and reappropriation in rave culture” Western Journal of Communication Vol. 67, Iss. 3, 2003 pages 249-270

Partridge, Christopher “The Spiritual and the Revolutionary: Alternative Spirituality, British Free Festivals, and the Emergence of Rave Culture” Culture and Religion Vol. 7, Iss. 1, 2006 pages 41-60

Pini, Maria. 1997. “Cyborgs, Nomads and the Raving Feminine.” In Dance in the City, edited by Thomas, H. L Macmillan, 111-129.

Pini, Maria “Women and the Early British rave Scene“ In Angela McRobbie (ed) Back to Reality?: Social Experience and Cultural Studies

Portnoy, Sean. 1999. “This is Fascism? Raves and the Politics of Dancing.” In Reading Rock and Roll: Authenticitym Appropriation, Aesthetics, edited by Kevin Dettmar and William Richey. New York: Columbia University Press 208.

Saldanha, Arun “Trance and visibility at dawn: racial dynamics in Goa’s rave scene” Social & Cultural Geography Volume 6, Issue 5, 2005 pages 707-721

Reynolds, Simon. 1997. “Rave Culture: Living Dream or Living Death?.” In The Clubcultures Reader: Reading Popular Cultural Studies, edited by Redhead, Steve. Oxford: Blackwell, 102-111.

Reynolds, Simon. 1997. “Return to Eden: Innocence, Indolence and Pastoralism in Psychedelic Music, 1966-19 Psychedelica Britannica: Hallucinogenic Drugs in Britain, edited by Antonio Melechi. London: Turnaround, 14

Reynolds, Simon  “Rave and Jungle on UK Pirate Radio” 1998 

Rill, Brian. 2006. “Rave, Communitas, and Embodied Idealism.” Music Therapy Today 7(3), 648-661.

Schütze, Bernard. 2001. “Carnivalesque Mutations in the Bahian Carnival and Rave Culture.” Religiologiques 2 163.

Siokou, Christine; Moore, David ‘This Is Not a Rave!’: Changes in the Commercialised Melbourne Rave/Dance Party SceneYouth Studies Australia  Vol. 27 Iss. 3, 2008

Sliavaite, Kristina. 1998. When Global Becomes Local: Rave Culture in Lithuania. M.A. Thesis (Department of Anthropology), Lund University

Spring, Ken “Behind the Rave: Structure and Agency in the Rave Scene” in Bennet & Peterson, eds. Music Scenes, Local, Translocal and Virtual 

St John, Graham “Party, Love and Profit: The Rhythms of the Love Parade (Interview with Wolfgang Sterneck)” Dancecult 2:1 2011 

St John, Graham. 2003. “Post-Rave Technotribalism and the Carnival of Protest.” In The Post-Subcultures Reader edited by Muggleton, David and Weinzierl, Rupert. London: Berg, 65-82.

St John, Graham. 2005. “Off Road Show: Techno, Protest and Feral Theatre.” Continuum: Journal of Media Cultural Studies 19(1), 7-22.

St John, Graham. 2005. “Outback Vibes: Sound Systems on the Road to Legitimacy.” Postcolonial Studies: C Politics, Economy 8(3), 321-336.

St John, Graham “Counter Tribes, Global Protests and Carnivals of Reclamation”. Peace Review: A Journal of Social Justice 2004. 16(4): 421-428.

St John, Graham “Australian (Alter)natives: Cultural Drama and Indigeneity”. Social Analysis: Journal of Cultural and Social Practice, 200145(1): 122-140.

St John, Graham 2004. Techno Millennium: Dance, Ecology and Future Primitives, pp. 213-235. In Graham St John (ed.) Rave Culture and Religion, London: Routledge.

St John, Graham 2003. Post-Rave Technotribalism and the Carnival of Protest, pp. 65-82. In David Muggleton and Rupert Weinzierl (eds) The Post-Subcultures Reader. London: Berg.

St John, Graham 2001. Doof! Australian Post Rave Culture. In Graham St John (ed.) FreeNRG: Notes From the Edge of the Dance Floor, pp. 9-36. Melbourne: Common Ground.

St John, Graham “Researching the Burning Man Diaspora” Feb 2014

St John, Graham “Is raving a religious experience?” (Interview by Jules Evans for The History of Emotions Blog)  May 2014 

Tramacchi, Des. 2000. “Field tripping: psychedelic communitas and ritual in the Australian bush.” Journal Contemporary Religion 15(2), 201-213.

Ueno, Toshiya. 2003. “Unlearning to Raver: Techno-Party as Contact Zone in Trans-Local Formations.” In The Subcultures Reader, edited by David Muggleton and Rupert Weinzierl. Oxford: Berg, 101-117.

VAN VEEN, TOBIAS C. “Technics, Precarity and Exodus in Rave Culture” Dancecult 1:2 2010

van Veen, Tobias C. 2003. “It‘s Not a Rave.” Journal for the Arts, Sciences and Technology 1(2), 90-96.

van Veen, tobias c. 2003. “FUCK ART LET‘S DANCE.” FUSE 26(3), 12-19.

van Veen, T. 2002, ‘It’s Not a Rave, Officer, It’s Performance Art: Art as Defense from the Law and as Offense to Society in the Break-In Era of Rave Culture’, University Art Association of Canada, University of Calgary.

van Veen, tobias c. 2003. “It’s Not A Rave, Officer [v 1.0].” FUSE 26(1), 30-39.

van Veen, tobias c. 2003. “It’s Not A Rave, Officer [v 2.0].” Journal for the Arts, Science Technology 1(2), 90-96

van Veen, tobias c. 2003. “warehouse.space: rave culture, selling-out, and sonic revolution.” Capital 1(1), 10

an Veen, tobias c. 2005. “Sonic Warfare, Tactical SoundSystems and the Post-World of Grey Filastine.” FUSE 11-17.

Wright, M. A. 1998. “The Great British Ecstasy Revolution.” In DIY Culture: Party and Protest in Nineties Britatin edited by McKay, George. London: Verso, 228-242.


::: Rave history Websites :::

 Ohms Not Bombs 

Simon Reynolds “Rave and Jungle on UK Pirate Radio” 1998 

UK Free Parties and Free Festivals 1990-1994

Back to the Oldskool (rave history audio archive)

Sydney Rave History http://www.sydneyravehistory.com/, http://www.sydneyravehistory.com/#!rave-subculture/c1jqc

Rave History 

Hardcore Will Never Die (History) 

Zone of the Free

Room 6: Folkestone: Rave History 1989 – 1992 

Geriatric Ravers (Bournemouth History & Flyers Archive)

::: Rave/Hardcore Documentaries :::

Summer of rave (1989)

23 MINUTES WARNING – The Spiral philosophy Documentary – 1994

“Spiral Tribe” (bbc dance energy)

Rave (BBC 1992)

Ecstasy & Shelley’s Laserdome Rave Documentary (1993)

Rave (1992)

E is for Ecstasy – Rave Documentary (1992)

Generation Of Sound (1992/3)

LOVE IS THE MESSAGE (The Love Parade Documentary, 1995)

Loladamusica – Gabber (1995, english subs)

GABBERS! 3Doc 2013 (English Subs)

Gabber: The Evil EDM – Big Night Out Episode 1

Melbourne Shuffle – History of Hardstyle (1 of 7)

This Is Hardcore

MFS Berliner Trance Documentary (1993)

“Music Is My Drug : Psychedelic Trance”

“The Beginning of Trance & Goa trance scene” 1992


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